Parameters of NIRF

1.Combined Metric for Publications (PU) (publication includes papers published in SCOPUS and WoS and also PUBMED)

If we talk about Combined Metric for Publications, NIRF only counts papers of SCOPUS, Web of Sciences and PUBMED of the last 3 years. NIRF takes the data of last 3 years, for instance, if you file for NIRF in 2022, then you will have to provide them the data of 2019, 2020 and 2021.

2.Combined Metric for Quality of Publications (QP)

Under Combined Metric for Quality of Publications, the citation of your university or institute is counted. That means that your paper got published, got indexed in SCOPUS, Web of Sciences and PUBMED but it getting cited and others citing it define your quality and (H-Index) is also counted.

As discussed in one of the previous blogs, NIRF can be a significant push for colleges to work harder and improve their quality of education, teaching, infrastructure, etc. In this blog we will be discussing about the 5 main parameters of NIRF that can help universities and institutions improve their quality and upgrade their ranking on the NIRF rankings list.

There are 5 parameters of NIRF that are listed down below. You can soar up your ranking by understanding these parameters.

What are the 5 parameters of NIRF?

1.Teaching, learning & resources

2.Research and professional practice

3.Graduation outcomes

4.Outreach and inclusivity


These parameters are extremely simple to understand. You can work on them with a lot of ease. If you log into the government website for information on NIRF, you can see how simple it is for your institution to get a better rank. Although your main aim shouldn’t be working for a better rank but to attain a better quality of education for the sake of your students and stakeholders, and understanding the criteria and parameters of ranking as per NIRF, can make it easier for you to work towards the betterment of your institution.

Parameter 1: Teaching, Learning & Resources

The four points that are covered under the first parameter – Teaching, Learning & Resources – are:

1.Student Strength Including Doctoral Students

Under this point, NIRF studies how many students are admitted in your institutions in your UG (Under Graduate) and PG (Post Graduate) courses and in your PhD programs. Their total number is noted.

2.Faculty-Student Ratio with Emphasis On Permanent Faculty (FSR)

Under this point, what the ratio between students and faculty is, that how many students come under a single teacher’s mentorship is studied. For scoring maximum points under this criteria, your institution must have a Faculty-Student Ratio of 1:10. It is also observed that how many of your faculties are retained, how many full-time faculties among which how many are retained for over 2 years, how many part-time faculties and how many PhD faculties are a part of your institution.

3.Combined Metric for Faculty with PhD (or equivalent) and Experience (FQE)

Under this point, it is studied that how many full-time PhDs have happened in your institute in the last 3 years.

4.Total Budget and Its Utilisation (CBTU)

Under this point your expenses on workshops, improvement on infrastructure, salary of faculties, seed-money and so on, is observed and if the total budget is being spent by the institutes and a proper utilisation of the expenditure is being done. For instance, creating good classrooms for students, allocating a good budget on faculties, creating a green environment in your institute, providing support to differently-abled people, women, etc.

Parameter 2: Research and Professional Practice

Under this parameter, there are 4 points on the basis of which the government marks you. The points are listed below:

3.IPR and Patents: Filed, Published, Granted and Licensed (IPR)

Under this point, your patent data is studied – how many patents have been published, how many have been granted and how many have had a technology transfer or have been licensed. That means if a patent has been filed, published or granted, the university is taking any benefit from that or not, that if your patents are commercialisable or not.

4.Footprint of Projects and Professional Practice and Executive Development Programs (FPPP)

Under this point, the government studies how much research funding your institution acquired, how many research projects you displayed, how much research funding you received from the government, NPOs or industries, how many consultancy projects your college has got and how many executive development programs your college has done.

Parameter 3: Graduation Outcomes

The outcome of students graduating or post-graduating from your institute is observed under this parameter. In other words, you have to provide the data that how many students got a placement, internship, went for higher studies or started their own businesses.

  • Combined Percentage for Placement, Higher Studies, and Entrepreneurship (GPHE)
  • Metric for University Examinations: GUE
  • Median Salary
  • Metric for Graduating Students Admitted into Top Universities (GTOP)
  • Metric for Number of Ph.D. Students Graduated GPHD

Parameter 4: Outreach and Inclusivity

Under this parameter, the government asks for data on the basis of 4 things that are listed below:

  • Percent Students from other states/countries – Regional Diversity (RD)
  • Percentage of Women faculty and staff (WF) + (WS) + (WA)
  • Economically and Socially Challenged Students (ESCS)
  • Facilities for Physically Challenged Students (PCS)

Government wishes that you cater each and every sector of the population that students come from, equally.

Parameter 5: Perception

Under this point, it is checked that under 360-degree parameter, what is your perception in the market, which means what is the perception of your stakeholders, faculty, students and their parents. The other important perceptions are as follows:

  • Peer Perception: Employers and Research Investors (PREMP)
  • Peer Perception: Academics (PRACD)
  • Public Perception (PRPUB)
  • Competitiveness (PRCMP)


These were the 5 parameters of NIRF. On considering them, you can surely improve the quality of your university or institute in terms of education, infrastructure, extra-curricular activities, including other sectors of the population and so on and so forth. The improvement in the quality of your institution will surely take it to the desired rank.

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